The Articles of Confederation

“Sovereignty, Freedom, and Independence”  The Articles of Confederation, formally the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, was an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution.  Its drafting by the Continental Congress began in mid-1776, and an approved … Continue reading


Noah Webster’s Original 1828 Dictionary Definition:  Circumstance  (113), n.  [Lat. circumstantia, from circumstans, p. pr. of circumstare, from circum, around, and stare, to stand.]  1.  The condition of things surrounding or attending an event.  “ With all circumstance they tell us when and who first set foot upon this island.”                 … Continue reading

Self Esteem – The Internal Force That Drives You Forward

There is not a recorded case in all of the world of medicine where a baby was born with low self esteem.  Such a challenge or predicament simply does not exist.  The reason is obvious.  Self esteem is a developed character trait.  It is developed after a person is born–while they are growing up.  There … Continue reading